Ever since the evolution of the human race, our faith or religion has been an integral part of our society. The fear of the unknown due to its destructive powers has always intrigued man, whose quest has been to get to the source of everything so as to control these powers.

 

The earliest tribal wise men and faith healers invented their own theories about all that was unknown, just to satisfy the ‘god gene’ of their fellow tribals. They established a strong revered status for themselves in their tribe and relished the taste of its power.

With the evolution of civilizations in the ancient world, these tribal mythical concepts were incorporated to form an organized religion, as an integral part of each established society. Amongst the oldest organized religions that thrived on our globe, we had the Babylonian, the Assyrian and the Egyptian societies. The oldest documented records of an organized religion available today are that of the Pharaohs of Egypt, which thrived over 7000 years ago. Their ‘Book of Dead’ and other scriptures on papyrus rolls, contain subjects like Genesis, God & godlings, Soul, Heaven, Hell, Angels, Devils, Ghosts, Spirits, Destiny, etc.. They also have books on various ceremonies and rituals to ward off evils or even wash off the sins by processes like purifications, Mantras & spells, sacrifices, offerings, worshiping, abstinences, fasting, self torture, charity, etc..

 

Egyptian culture had very systematically divided the society in various professional groups or segments, for better administration. When Egypt was ruled by the Pharaohs (the Sun Gods), it was the Golden era of mankind, while most of Asia, Africa, Europe and the present day America were little known lands.

 

After the downfall of the Egyptian civilization, many religions emerged … such as Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Confucianism, Christianity, Shinto and Islam. All these religions based their doctrine on the basic principles laid down by the Pharaohs of Egypt, by incorporating some changes to it and modifying them to suit the cultures of their own races.

 

By the time Baba Nanak arrived on the scene in the fifteenth century, all religions had been violently engaging with each other, as also amongst themselves, just to gain supremacy. Mankind and humanism was at the lowest ebb. In all such bloodsheds, the common man was the main sufferer. People were being exploited by the clergy of each religion by putting the fear of God or the wrath of the Hell that awaited them after their death. They also showed them colorful dreams

of a hallucinatory Heaven, if they towed the line of these religious bigots.

 

Gur Nanak decided to take up the mantle to purge the system where dogmatic blind faith, superstitions, mysticism and self acquired miraculous powers by sham-god men, permitted the clergy to cheat and rob the innocents of their hardearned money and other possessions. Nanak defiantly rejected centuries old dogmatic traditions prevailing in all religions and societies. He strived very hard to create a global society based on equality, truthfulness, justice, education, compassion towards all beings and above all being at peace and in harmony with the nature and environment.

 

Nanak did not pickup any concept, good or bad, from the existing ideologies or scriptures of the time. He evolved his own simple doctrine and wrote down its gist in the form of Japp Bani, which he made mandatory for the people to learn by heart - understand its meanings - and imbibe them in their lifestyle, to obtain bliss, contentment and satisfaction, and to attain Sachiarhood or salvation and redemption during this life itself. Nanak did not make any false promises of Heaven

or everlasting life after the death of an individual.

 

Nanak liberated the true seekers from the clutches of clergy and the middle man. He uplifted the down trodden and transformed them into sovereign liberated humane humans who were not only capable of protecting their own rights but were also determined to fight for the rights of the weaker sections.

 

The torch of Truth lit by Nanak was very diligently carried forward for two centuries by the nine Masters and was finally encompassed in the Guru Granth Sahib for us to discover, learn and savor it.

 

The sheer inertia of the positive effects of the teachings of Ten Nanaks, with their self examples, put the Sikhs on the top of the ladder in the Indian subcontinent, and they ruled fearlessly and with fairness, for half a century, till 1850. The sudden fall of Sikh empire and Sikh ethos is primarily due to the lack of understanding of the Sikh doctrine, and the lack of awareness in the present day Sikhs.

 

This humble work is the final result of persistent hard work since the Genocide of 1984. A sincere effort has been made to manifest the latent thoughts of Nanak’s doctrine, so that once again, humanity can benefit from his teachings, and can work towards realisation of his dreams of establishing a peaceful and a harmonious global society.

the Author

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